Trees Commonly Found in Malawi – Indigenous and Exotic.

April 6, 2016

African Baobab Tree

I’ve been looking through books, researching on the internet, and asking friends and neighbors to help me learn about trees here in Malawi.  When I began this project, I could only identify a baobab.  I’m happy to say my tree-spotting skills have improved greatly!  My hope is to find seeds for all the indigenous trees on this (ever-growing) list, and to start a unique indigenous tree nursery as part of the School Fees and Trees project.

At the end of this long list of mostly indigenous trees, you’ll find a very short list of trees commonly used for afforestation projects here in Malawi.  It’s worth noting that most of the trees used for “tree-planting” projects here in Malawi are exotic (not native to this part of the world).

The purpose of this list is to identify indigenous trees that can be grown in a nursery and later planted at schools, around town, and in our village communities.

Exotic and Indigenous Trees Found in Malawi
Acacia abyssinica/Mtsidzi/Indigenous
Acacia amythothylla
Acacia burkei/Black Monkey Thorn/Indigenous
Acacia galpinii/Nkunkhu/Monkey Thorn/Indigenous
Acacia karoo/Mfungo/Indigenous
Acacia nigrescens/Knob-Thorn Acacia/Mkunkhu/Indigenous
Acacia nilotica/Chisiyo/Black Ink/Indigenous
Acacia polyacantha/Mthethe/Indigenous
Acacia sieberiana/Paperbark Acacia/Indigenous
Acacia tortilis/Umberlla Thorn/Indigenous
Acacia xanthophloea/Fever Tree Acacia/Indigenous
Acalypha senensis/Chigaga/Napose/Indigenous
Adansonia digitata/Baobab/Indigenous
Adenia gumifera/Indigenous
Adenium obesum/Impala Lily/Indigenous
Adina microcephala/Redwood/Mwenya/Indigenous
Afzelia quanzensis/Lucky Bean/Msambamfumu/Indigenous
Agathosma betulina/Buchu/Indigenous
Albizia adianthifolia/Mtangatanga Wa Mmadzi/Flat Crown/Indigenous
Albizia amara/Fine-Leafed Albizia/Indigenous
Albizia antunesiana/Purple-Leaved Albizia/Indigenous
Albizia harveyi/Sickle-Leafed Albizia/Indigenous
Albizia lebbeck/Mtangatanga/Australia
Albizia tanganyikensis,/Paperbark Albizia/Indigenous
Albizia versicolor/Poison Pod Albizia/Mkalankanya/Indigenous
Albizia Zimmermanni/Crimson Long-Pod albizia/Indigenous
Aloe Dichotoma/Quiver Tree/Indigenous
Aloe ferox (Asphodelaceae)/Indigenous
Amblygonocaprus andongensis/Scotsman’s Rattle/Indigenous
Anisophyllea boehmii/Mufungo Fruit/Indigenous
Anisophyllea pomifera/Mfungo/Indigenous
Annona senegalensis/Mposa/Wild Custard Apple/Indigenous
Annona squamosa/Sugar Apple/Custard Apple/Mphosa/Americas
Antidesma venosum/Tasselberry/Indigenous
Asparagus africanus/Climbing Asparagus Fern/Indigenous
Azadirachta indica/Neem/India
Azana garckeana/JakJak Fruit/Matawo/Indigenous
Baikiaea plurijuna/Zambezi Teak/Indigenous
Balanites aegyptiaca/Desert Date/Indigenous
Bauhinia galpinii/Red Orchid Tree/Indigenous
Bauhinia petersiana/Wild Coffee Bean/Indigenous
Bauhinia thonningii/Camel’s Foot/Chitimbe/Indigenous
Becium obovatum/Indigenous
Berchemia zeyheri/Pink Ivory/Indigenous
Bolusanthus speciosus/Wild Wisteria/Indigenous
Bombax rhodognaphalon/Bombax/Indigenous
Borassus Aethiopum/African Fan Palm/Indigenous
Bosica salifolia/Mnaka
Brachyleana hutchinsii/African Sandalwood/Indigenous
Brachystegia boehmii/Mombo/Miombo/Indigenous
Brachystegia speciformis/Tsamba/Muputu/Indigenous
Brachystegia utilis/Long-Pod/Indigenous
Breonadia microcephala,salicina/Matumi/Indigenous
Brideila cathartica/Indigenous
Bridelia micrantha/Mzazi/Msongamino/Indigenous
Bulbine frutescens/South Africa
Burkea africana/Wild Syringa/Mufhulu/Indigenous
Caesalpinia pulcherrima/Pride of Barbados/Tropical America
Calodendrum capense/Cape Chestnut/Yangu Oil/Indigenous
Calotropis procera/Sodom Apple/Mpilo/Chitonje/Indigenous
Carica Papaya/Papaya/Americas
Carissa macrocarpa/Num-Num/Natal Plum/Indigenous
Casimiroa edulis/White Sapote/Mexican Apple/Masuku/Mexico
Cassia abbreviata/Long-Pod Cassia/Indigenous
Cassia singueana/Winter Cassia/Scrambled Egg/Indigenous
Cayratia gmcilis/Indigenous
Celtis africana/White Stinkwood/Indigenous
Chrysophyllum albidum/White Star Apple/Udara/Indigenous
Cissus quadrangularis/Devil’s Backbone/Veldt Grape/Indigenous
Citrullus lanatus/Wild Melons/Cow Melon/Indigenous
Colophospermum mopane/Mopane/Turpentine Tree/Indigenous
Combretum ademgonium
Combretum apiculatum/Red Bushwillow/Indigenous
Combretum colinum/Red Fruit Bush Willow/Indigenous
Combretum imberbe/Leadwood Bushwillow/Indigenous
Combretum molle/Velvet Bush Willow/Indigenous
Combretum zeyheri/Large-Fruited Bushwillow/Indigenous
Commiphora mollis/Velvet-Leaved Corkwood/Indigenous
Cordeaux aegyptiaca/Yeheb Bush/Horn of Africa
Cordyla africana/African Mango/Indigenous
Corymbria citriodora/Lemon-Scented Bluegum/Australia
Craibia brevicaudata/Indigenous
Crossopteryx febrifuga/Ordeal Tree/Mzwale/Indigenous
Croton gratissimus/Lavender Croton/Indigenous
Croton sylvaticus/Indigenous
Cryptolepis oblongifolia/Indigenous
Cussonia arborea/Cut Hand/Stump of Limb/Indigenous
Cussonia kirkii/Octopus Cabbage Tree/Indigenous
Cussonia spicata/Spiked Cabbage Tree/Indigenous
Cyphostemma junceum/Indigenous
Dacryodes edulis/Safou/Bush Butter Tree/Indigenous
Dalbergia boehmii/Large-Leafed Dalbergia/Indigenous
Dalbergia melanoxylon/Mpingo/Phingo/Zebrawood/Indigenous
Dalbergia nitidula/Purplewood Dalbergia/Glossy Flat-Bean/Indigenous
Datura suaveolens(Brugmansia)/Angel’s Trumpet/Mexico
Delonix Regina/Mchekeche/Flamboyant/Madagascar
Dichrostachy cinnera/Bell Mimosa/Indigenous
Diospyrus kirkii/Ndima/Ebony/Indigenous
Diospyros lycioides/Ndima
Diospyros mespiliformis/Ebony Jackal Berry/Indigenous
Diplorhynchus condylocarpon/Chewing Gum Tree/indigenous
Dodonaea viscosa,angustifolia/Sand Olive/Indigenous
Dolichos kilimandscharicus/Indigenous
Dombeya rotundifolia/Wild Pear/indigenous
Dovyalis caffra/Kei Apple/Indigenous
Dovyalis macrocalyx/Indigenous
Droogmansia pteropus/Indigenous
Drypetes mossambicensis/Sand Drypetes/Indigenous
Ekebergia capensis/Cape Ash/Dog Plum/Indigenous
Elephantorrhiza goetzei/Elephant Root/Indigenous
Embelia schimperi/Indigenous
Entada abyssinica/Wafer Pod/Indigenous
Entandrophrgma caudatum/Wooden Banana/Indigenous
Eriosema psoraloides/Canary Pea/Indigenous
Erythrina abyssinica/Muwale/Flame Tree/Lucky Bean/Indigenous
Erythrina lysistemon/Flame Tree/West Africa
Erythrophleum africanum/Ordeal Tree/Indigenous
Erythropheleum suaveolens/Forest Ordeal Tree/Sassywood/Indigenous
Eucalyptus/Blue Gum/Australia
Euclea divinorum/Magic Guarri/Indigenous
Euclea natalensis/Indigenous
Euclea schimperi/Bush Guarri/Indigenous
Euphorbia heterochroma/Indigenous
Euphorbia ingens/Candelabre Tree/Indigenous
Euphorbia pulcherrima/Poinsettia/Mexico
Excoecaria bussei/Bladder Fruit/Indigenous
Fadogia obovata/Makoni Tea Bush/Indigenous
Fagara Macrophylla/East African Satinwood/Indigenous
Faidherbia albida/Msangu/Winter Thorn/Indigenous
Ficus abutilifolia/Large-Leaved Rock Fig/Indigenous
Ficus bubu/Forest Fig/Indigenous
Ficus burkei/Natal Fig/Indigenous
Ficus bussei/Rough-Leafed Fig/Indigenous
Ficus ingens/Rock Fig/Indigenous
Ficus natalensis/Natal Fig/Indigenous
Ficus sur/Cape Fig/Indigenous
Ficus sycomorus/Sycamore fig/Indigenous
Ficus verruculosa/Water Fig/Mvumu/Indigenous
Flacourtia indica/Ramotchi/Governor’s Plum/Indigenous
Friesodielsia obovata/Monkey Fingers/Northern Dwaba Berry/Indigenous
Garcinia huillensis/Musongwa/Indigenous
Garcinia livingstonei/African Mangosteen/Indigenous
Gardenia ternifolia/Large-Leafed Gardinia/Indigenous
Glircidia sepium/Central America
Gmelina arborea/Malaina/Asia
Grangea maderaspatana/Madras Carpet/Indigenous
Grewia bicolor/Indigenous
Grewia tenax/Grewia/indigenous
Grewia monticola/Grey Raisin/Indigenous
Guibourtia coleosperma/Rosewood/Indigenous
Gymnosporia senegalensis/Red Spikethorn/Indigenous
Harpagophytum procumbens/Devil’s Claw/Indigenous
Heteromorpha trifoliata/Parsley Tree/Indigenous
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis/Rose of China/China
Hibiscus sabdariffa/Roselle/West Africa
Hibiscus schizopetalus/Coral Hibiscus/indigenous
Holarrhena febrifuga/Jasmine Tree/Indigenous
Hypericum Rovolutum/Curry Bush/Forest Primrose/Indigenous
Hyphaene petersiana/Makalani Palm/Vegetable Ivory/Indigenous
Hypoxis hemerocalllidea/African Potato/Indigenous
Indigofera antunesiana/Indigenous
Indigofera astragalina/Silky Indigo/Indigenous
Irvingia gabonensis/Wild Mango/Dika/Indigenous
Jateorhiza Bukobensis/Nyoka/Indigenous
Khaya nyasica,anthotheca/African Mahogany/Nyasaland/Indigenous
Kigelia Africana/Sausage Tree/Indigenous
Kirkia acuminata/White Syringa/Indigenous
Lannea discolor/Live-Long/Tree Grape/Indigenous
Lantana Camara/Tropical America
Leucanena leucocephala/Miracle Tree/Mexico
Lippia javanica/Fever Tree/Lemon Bush/Indigenous
Lonchocarpus capassa/Mpakasa/Raintree/Indigenous
Maytenus senegalensis/Indigenous
Maytenus undata/Koko Tree/South African Holly/Indigenous
Mangifera indica/Mango/India
Markhamia obtusifolia/Golden Bean Tree/Indigenous
Melia azederach/Indya/Australasia
Mimusops caffra/Costal Red Milkwood/Moepel/Indigenous
Mondia whitei/White’s Ginger/Indigenous
Moringa oleifera/Moringa/Indigenous
Moringa stenopetala/African Moringa/Ethiopia/Indigenous
Morus alba/Mulberry/China
Musa paradisiaca/Plantain/Indonesia
Musa sapientum/Sweet Banana/Indonesia
Myrothamnus flabellifolia/Resurrection Bush/Indigenous
Myrsine africana/Cape Myrtle/African Boxwood/Indigenous
Nerium oleander/Oleander/Asia minor
Newtonia hildebrandtii/Lowveld Newtonia/Indigenous
Ochna holstii/Red ironwood/Common Forest Ochna/Indigenous
Ochna mossambicensis/Birdseye Bush/Mickey Mouse/Indigenous
Ochna schweinfurthiana/mungundanguluwe/Indigenous
Olea africana/African Olive/Indigenous
Oncoba spinosa/Maninka Fruit/Snuff Box Tree/Indigenous
Osyris compressa/African Sandalwood/Indigenous
Oxytenanthera abyssinica/Bindura Bamboo/Indigenous
Ozoroa obovata/Broad-Leafed Resin Tree/Indigenous
Ozoroa paniculosa/Resin Tree/Indigenous
Ozoroa reticulata/Raisin Bush, Tar Berry/Indigenous
Parika filicoidea/African locust bean/Indigenous
Parinari curatelliafolia/Mpundu/Mobola Plum/Indigenous
Paullinia pinnata/Sweet Gum/Indigenous
Pavetta schumanniana/Poisoned Bride/Indigenous
Peltophorum africanum/African Wattle/Indigenous
Pericopsis angolensis/Muwanga/Indigenous
Persea americana/Avocado/Tropical America
Philenoptera violacea(Lonchocarpus capassa)/Raintree/Indigenous
Phyllanthus reticulatus/Potato Plant/Indigenous
Piliostigma thonningii/Monkey Bread/Indigenous
Pittosporum viridiflorum/Cheesewood/Indigenous
Podranea brycei/Tropical America
Portulacaria afra/Elephant Bush/South Africa
Prunus africana/Red Stinkwood/Muiri/Indigenous
Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia/Duiker Berry/Indigenous
Psidium guajava/Guava/Tropical Americas
Psorospermum febrifugum/Christmas Berry/Indigenous
Pterocarpus angolensis/Kiaat Bloodwood/Wild Teak/Mbira/Indigenous
Pterocarups rotundifolius/Round-Leaved Teak/Indigenous
Pulmeria rubra/Frangipani/Central America
Pyrenacantha kaurabassana/P.menyharthii/Indigenous
Rauvolfia caffra/Quinine Tree/Indigenous
Ravenala madagascariensis/Traveller’s Palm/Madagascar
Rhoicissus digitata/Southern African Grape Ivy/Indigenous
Rhus chirindensis/Red Currant/Southern Africa
Schinziophyton rautanenii/Mongongo Nut/Manketti/Indigenous
Schotia brachypetala/African Walnut/Tree Fuchsia/Indigenous
Schrebera trichoclada/Wooden Pear/Indigenous
Sclerocarya birrea/Marula/Indigenous
Searsia lancea/Black Karee/Indigenous
Securidaca longepedunculata/Violet Tree/Indigenous
Senna alata/Ringworm Tree/Emperor’s Candlestick/Mexico
Senna siamea/Yellow Cassia/Asia
Senna spectabilis/Cassia/Keyshya/Americas
Sesbania sesban/Kenya,Uganda
Siphonochilus aethiopicus/African Ginger/Indigenous
Solanum macranthum/Brazilian Potato Tree/Brazil
Spathodea campanulata/African Tulip Tree/Indigenous
Spirostachys africana/Tamboti/Indigenous
Steganotaenia araliacea/Carrot Tree/Popgun Tree/Indigenous
Sterculia africana/Barstard Baobab/African Star Chestnut/Indigenous
Sterculia quinqueloba/Quinqiloba/Indigenous
Stereospermum kunthianum/Pink Jacaranda/Indigenous
Strophantus Kombe/Poison Arrow Plant/Indigenous
Strychnos cocculoides/Wild Orange/Monkey Orange/Indigenous
Strychnos pungens/Blue Monkey Orange/Indigenous
Strychnos spinosa/Monkey Orange Fruit/Indigenous
Swartzia,Bobgunnia madagascariensis/Snake Bean/Indigenous
Syzigium gerrardii/Forest Waterberry/Indigenous
Syzigium guineense/Waterberry/Indigenous
Syzigum cordatum/Jambula Tree/Indigenous
Syzygium cuminii/Java Plum/jambolan/India
Tamarindus indica/Tamarind/Indigenous
Tateorhiza palmata/Calumba Root/Indigenous
Tephrosia vogelii/Mthutu/Wombwe/Indigenous
Terminalia mollis/Large-Leafed Terminalia/Indigenous
Terminalia prunoides/Purple Pod Terminalia/Indigenous
Terminalia sericea/Silver Cluster Leaf/Naphini/Indigenous
Terminalia stenostachya/Red Fruit Terminalia/Indigenous
Thevetia peruviana/Thevetia/South America
Treculia africana/African Breadfruit/West Africa
Trema orientalis/Pigeonwood/Indigenous
Trephrosia candida/India
Trephrosia vogelii/Fish Poison Berry/Indigenous
Trichilia drageana/Luapula Mahogany/Indigenous
Trichilia emetica/Cape Mahogany/Indigenous
Uapaca kirkiana/Masuku/Wild Loquat/Indigenous
Vachellia Drepanolobium/Whistling Thorn/Indigenous
Vachellia Xanthrophloea/Fever Tree/Indigenous
Vagueria infausta/African Medlar/Mavilu/Indigenous
Vangueria esculenta/Forest Medlar/Indigenous
Vangueria madagascariensis/Spanish Tamarind/Indigenous
Vangueriopsis lanciflora/White Medlar/Indigenous
Vernonia amygdalina/Bitter Leaf/Indigenous
Vernonia adoensis/Indigenous
Vitex doniana/Black Plum/Mufutu/Indigenous
Widdringtonia whytei/Mulanje Cypress/Malawi Indigenous
Xeroderris stuhlmannii/Wind-Pod Tree/Indigenous
Ximenia americana/Yellow Sour Plum/Indigenous
Ximenia caffra/Sour Plum Fruit/Indigenous
Zahna africana/Mtukumpata/Velvet Fruit Zanha/Indigenous
Zhana golungensis/Smooth-Fruit Zhana/Indigenous
Ziziphus mauritiana/Indian Jujube/Masau/Asia
Ziziphus mucronata/Buffalo Thorn/Kankhande/Indigenous
Ziziphus spina-christi/Christ’s Thorn Jujube/Indigenous Zimbabwe

Common Trees Grown in Nurseries for “Tree-Planting” projects in Malawi
Acacia polyacantha/Mthethe/Indigenous
Afzelia quanzensis/Masambamfumu/Indigenous
Albizia adiathfolia/Mtangatanga Wa Mmadzi/Indigenous
Albizia lebbeck/Mtangatanga/Australia
Azadirachta indica/Neem/India
Breonadia microcephala,salicina/Matumi/Indigenous
Carica Papaya/Papaya/Americas
Delonix Regina/Mchekeche/Flamboyant/Madagascar
Eucalyptus/Blue Gum/Australia
Faidherbia albida/Msangu/Winter Thorn/Indigenous
Glircidia sepium/Central America
Khaya nyasica,anthotheca/African Mahogany/Nyasaland/Indigenous
Leucanena leucocephala/Miracle Tree/Mexico
Mangifera indica/Mango/India
Moringa oleifera/Moringa/India
Exotic Pine/Australia
Senna siamea/Yellow Cassia/Southeast Asia
Senna spectabilis/Cassia/Keyshya/Americas

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